Hello, everyone, and welcome to a new episode of Wizards talks. I'm Nyla Hassan, and I'm leading to base podcast. Today. We're going to talk about domain name management and capacity building for registrants, and I am joined by Mr Nigel Hickson, vice president for U. N. An Idea engagement for icon. Thank you very much for joining us today.
Thank very much. It's a an absolute delight to be here on this minus twos. They say No, it's always great to be in wishes Forum. I've been here many years, as you can see my
gray hair think it's always a pleasure having you. Why don't we start by discussing registered rights and responsibilities? Could you maybe give us an outline of what those are from your perspective?
So I think this is an interesting, interesting area. So many others are registrants. Registrar Aunt is simply the owner of a domain name, so we might have domain names were in our personal life because we way want. We want to sell things, perhaps, or we might have domain names in our professional lives or many others are involved in companies or organizations that have that have domain names and if you have a domain name your registrar aunt on dhe. Within the Internet ecosystem, everyone has rights and responsibilities. No one on the Internet is if you like entirely. Blame Frias. They say. We all have responsibilities on registrants, have responsibilities that perhaps they don't always understand. So that's the aim of our program.
Okay, And of course, I can has educational material available for registrants to find out more about this.
Yes, so? So I'll be due to put it in context. So in the in the Internet ecosystem, the domain name system comprises of a number of different elements. So you have the register Randt, which is the owner of the domain name. You have the registrar, which often sells the domain name to the registrar aunt on. Then you have the registry this responsible for the for that particular top level domain. So if we take a if we take a particular example, let's take I can. So we have w w dot I can don't Orc. So dot organs the top level domain. It's ah, it's a dot August is the top level domain, a generic top level domain, as we call it, which is run by a Phyllis and dot on under that you have domain name. So you have I can don't call and you have many, many thousands of others. And so I can is the registrar aunt, and as they say, the registrar entails responsibilities on I can, although it has no. If you like legal legal interest in the registrar Entous such we provide educational materials to set out what the registrants responsibilities
are. And so what are some of the issues and challenges that we can observe in the decon system? And how can we all work together to raise awareness about these challenges?
Well, I'm glad you asked that question. Now, how many here today have have a domain name, D'oh. Or your organization's might have domain names. This? Yes. You see, one of the issues about domain names is that you can you can pick up a domain name you can if you form a company. Perhaps all of a sudden, one year, you decide that you want to sell paintings from your loft or you want to sell something on you set up the domain name in your own name with dot com on that and you set up a website, you have a domain name, and then you might go on and do different things. Or you might travel to Australia for three years, or you might do something entirely different. But that domain name stays active. That website stays stays active on one of the issues about domain names is that you have to look after them because in this in this Internet age, as we know, we have a lot of cybersecurity threats on one of the ways that people, if you like, threatened the Internet threatened. The stability of the Internet is that they take over domain names. They take over a domain name that's inactive. The people have not really looked after and they use. That is what we call the baht net to launch attacks on other domain names if they want to disable a company through denial of service attacks or something like that. So it's important that people that own domain names understand the implication of of owning those on take responsibility for that domain name very seriously.
And so as you said, there are a lot of threats. There are rights and responsibilities for registrants. Do you think legislation is needed in that area. Do you think we need to see more legislation?
No, no. I mean is I can, you know, operates in a multi stakeholder environment? A. So we have a way have interests with our with our registrars. With our registries, we have governments within our ecosystem on we all work together to come up with guidance to come up with, if you like materials that help registrants understand their roles from responsibility. So we don't think we don't think as I can, that you need legislation in this area. I mean, the audience today is is very young in front of me. Well, so they're not so young. But most most are I'm not picking on anyone. Most are quite young. So that 20 years ago or something, if we're being discussing this here, there was a call by some governments. If you like to mandate that everyone that went on the Internet had some qualifications to go on the Internet, it's that that was that was an issue. But I can believe that the way of doing this is simply to educate people that when they set up a website when they have a domain name that they password protect it. But they put certain measures in place so they understand when it needs to be renewed, that they understand their responsibilities and what they can do with this with this domain. So so we don't think that legislation is needed is such
and do you think there's anything else that I can should be doing? And what do you think is the role of other stakeholders in this as well?
Well, there's always there's always more we can do. There's always more that that I can working with other stakeholders conduce to raise awareness off the critical importance of people understanding the domain name system on their and their roles within it. I mean, we're very fortunate here at the Wishes Forum that we worked very closely with our technical community partners. We work with the Internet society. We worked with the region Internet registries and we work with other bodies. And of course, we worked with the with the eye to you. So I think we could all work together to to put a better domain name system in place. That is safer for everyone to use.
Could you possibly share with us some best practices as well.
Yes, yes. So you know, as I mentioned. So if you if you if you set up a website, if you set up A If you have a domain name and then you set up the website has to say you're a registrar, aunt and therefore you're responsible for looking after that domain name and therefore you should it you should make sure that the access to that website is password protected. That that domain name is updated in terms that you pay your fees to the registrar every year or whatever. So that domain name stays live. You make sure that it has security protocols connected to it so that people can, if you like, take it over and use it for other purposes. So there are there are roles and responsibilities here. Andi, you know, and that's why we've That's why we have these education materials available on the ICANN website on these materials are available to download and two to promote because we think it's very important that people understand their responsibilities. But also there are quite easy ways of protecting your domain name.
Thank you so much for joining our podcast today. It's been great having you with us. A huge thank you to all our listeners as well. Make sure to check out the rest of the way. Sis talks podcast.
Thank you very much.