WSIS TalkX (World Summit on the Information Society Conversations)

Tech and Trafficking in Persons during COVID-19 and beyond

May 12, 2020 WSIS TalkX Season 2020 Episode 8
WSIS TalkX (World Summit on the Information Society Conversations)
Tech and Trafficking in Persons during COVID-19 and beyond
Show Notes Transcript

Starting in April, the WSIS Team will host a weekly virtual WSIS TalkX the for the WSIS Stakeholders to interact, connect and collaborate. Preparing towards the WSIS Forum 2020, High-level Track Facilitators, Workshop Organizers, WSIS Prizes 2020 Champions and others will be conducting virtual interactive talks highlighting their linkages with the WSIS Action Lines and SDGs.

Join our eighth live session with Q&A on Tech and Trafficking in Persons during COVID-19 and beyond.

While technology is often misused to facilitate human trafficking, tech development helps practitioners to prevent and investigate the crime, and support its victims. This discussion will focus on the expanding nexus between technology and trafficking in persons, including during COVID-19.

Moderator and Speakers:

  • Ms Morgane Nicot — Team Leader, Knowledge Development / Human Trafficking & Migrant Smuggling, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
  • Ms Rachel Harvey — Regional Advisor for East Asia Pacific Regional Office, The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
  • Mr Valiant Richey — OSCE Special Representative and Coordinator for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
  • Ms Hannah Darnton — Associate Director, Business for Social Responsibility (BSR)

NB: Parts of the podcast have poor sound quality due to bad technical difficulties from one of the speakers. We thank you in advance for your understanding.

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Ms Gitanjali Sah — Strategy and Policy Coordinator, ITU:   0:06
Good afternoon WSIS stakeholders! A very warm welcome to all of you, to our eighth WSIS TalkX on Tech and Trafficking in Persons during COVID-19. So we have with us here today a very established panel that is going to talk about the issue of tech and trafficking in persons. They will try to bring about the context of COVID-19. As you saw in the program, we have UNODC, UNICEF, OSCE that's the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe and Business for Social Responsibility, I would like to handle the floor to Rachel who can just introduce her topic of conversation.

Ms Morgane Nicot — Team Leader, Knowledge Development / Human Trafficking & Migrant Smuggling, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC):   0:57
Thank you very much. A very good evening from Bangkok. My name is Rachel Harvey, I am Regional Advisor for child protection for UNICEF East Asia specific regional office and I've been asked to focus today on child online sexual exploitation and the implications of COVID-19 for high risks and challenges for responses.

Ms Gitanjali Sah — Strategy and Policy Coordinator, ITU:   1:18
Thank you, Rachel. We'd like to also hand over the floor to Morgane Nicot from UNODC. Morgane will be moderating the discussion for today. Welcome Morgane, the floor is yours.  

Ms Morgane Nicot — Team Leader, Knowledge Development / Human Trafficking & Migrant Smuggling, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC):   1:32
Thank you so much. Good afternoon, ladies and gentlemen. I warmly thank the WSIS community and its stakeholders, as well as our colleagues in ITU for hosting this live event. We are here today to introduce the topic of great interest. We will discuss how modern technology impacts to the crime of human trafficking and its business model, especially during times of pandemic, but also how technology can get through to improve the way the crime is addressed when applied to help law enforcement support victims and service providers. The stock is jointly organized by the Interagency Coordination Group against Trafficking in Persons or ICAT, The lead policy platform mandated to intense comprehensive responses to trafficking. The event is also supported by tech against trafficking a correlation of technology companies collaborating to help eradicate human trafficking using technology I'm Morgane, Knowledge Development Team Leader at the UNODC Human Trafficking and Migrant Smuggling Section. And it is my pleasure to facilitate this conversation. I now give you a few words toe briefly said the context of a panel today trafficking in persons is the act of recruiting, transporting, transferring, harbouring or receiving people by improper means, such as force proto deception with the aim of exploiting them. Virtually every country in the world is affected by this crime. At the same time, the global expansion off Internet information technology has brought about considerable challenges, including increasing anonymity. Online Internet is misused by traffickers to advertise, to recruit and to exploit victims. The new reality of Cupid 19 is pushing this. Further field measures are taken to control the pandemic already have and will likely continue to have an impact, including by increasing the prevalence of online sexual exploitation and the use of technology to facilitate criminal conduct, on the other hand, are missing. The power of technology is also essential to develop truth for governments, victims and communities. The private sector is people to unlock such potential and can contribute to addressing the challenges in investigating and prosecuting the crime and supporting victims with 26 U. N. Agencies and international organizations, I get is promoting joint policy for the development of a coordinated response, both to counter the misuse of technology and to enhance its useful potential. As coordinator of iChat, we had to energy see or committed to facilitating this concerted effort. And we are glad to be joined today on the panel by some of the members Valhi Shays, the special representative and coordinator for combating trafficking human beings at the A. C. That is also a former senior deputy prosecuting attorney in Seattle, State of Washington, USA for the being young 19 4020 OSC together with you and women or the rotating co-chairs of ICAT. So why, as not only a current OSCE representative in coaches of iChat, also as a practitioner in this field, can you help us detail what I have briefly mentioned in practice and also in terms of Cupid 19.

Mr Valiant Richey — OSCE Special Representative and Coordinator for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE):   4:59
Well, thank you, Morgan, and thank you, everybody, for attending this conversation. It's great to be here today and thank you WSIS for hosting this ICAT webinar and engaging on this key topic of technology and trafficking in human beings this afternoon or this evening, depending on where you are in the world. Ah, you know, I think that these days we've come to the realization that a conversation about human trafficking today that doesn't include a mention of technology is outdated and frankly, even a bit misleading. The development of technology has had a huge influence on the crime of trafficking in persons. This was true before converted to it, a huge degree. Ah, and unfortunately now seems to be surging even further as lockdown measures air restricting physical interaction but resulting in increased Internet use. For example, our co-chair and I cant you and Women reports that in recent months Internet use has increased between 50 and 70% worldwide. Last year I cat advanced this timely topic by publishing an issue brief that Morgan is, has introduced and referred to. And I'm delighted that I cat is continuing to address this topic and meeting such as this one, together with our co-chair UN women. We at the OSCE have been really excited to try to advance this topic and address it because it is a pressing concern, but it also has a lot of opportunities. Uh, it's been said, but it, but it can be stressed. I think, over and over again technology is being misused by human traffickers during all stages of the crime, including recruitment control, exploitation of victims. It helps traffickers to hide their identities and increase their anonymity through encrypted applications, paying or accepting money in cryptocurrency, fake social media accounts and so forth. And it allows for new forms of coercion and control, diversification of exploitative practices and, most importantly, expansion of the scale of exploitation, which is where we see the real trauma. From this, this intersection of technology and trafficking more of our exploitation through the use of technology creates risks of re-victimization and challenges for the successful rehabilitation of victims. When victims, for example, are forced to produce pornographic contact or exploited through live streaming, this material can be saved and circulated online an infinite number of times and as long as the material exists, the risks of trauma and stigmatisation persist and full recovery of victims is jeopardized. Women and girls can be especially ostracised and stigmatised by their families and their communities for having been sexually exposed even in the context of exploitation. And you can understand how, even if a victim is found by the police, for example, gets access to services, eyes rehabilitated and safe. And yet the exploitation is captured and recirculated there, never away from there always being re-victimized there. And that's something that has been really, I think, striking and dismaying about the misuse of technology. The failure to address the situation in a timely and aggressive fashion means that now online aspects of trafficking or seeping into legitimate and popular in Internet platforms, including social media, which are being effectively misused by for exploitation by perpetrators were seeing this over and over again. Whether it's a YouTube Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, etcetera, game consoles and so forth are all being misused for trafficking in various ways, which is really concerning. The scale is unimaginable and growing, and law enforcement and companies air really scrambling to respond. Luckily, though, it's not all bad news technology can be and frequently is a force for good, and it could be used to proactively find more victims, conduct better investigations and prosecutions, improve access to services and engage in better prevention. Perhaps most importantly, technology conserves a force multiplier in many situations to increase the capacity of any trafficking response systems beyond traditional human resource is so in the same way that traffickers could scale up their business. I think anti-trafficking practitioners can use technology to scale up their response, which is really encouraging. Instruments to accomplish these tasks are being rapidly developed and identified. However, the space is largely uncoordinated and fragmented. And I think in this regard Aziz, we start talking about kind of what's the way forward? I think we want to. You know, I really want to urge us to maybe hit the pause button slightly on the constant development of new tools and focus a little bit on how to properly disseminate those tools, maximize existing tools and measure their impact. This is something that has largely been set to the side in favour of just rapid development. Um, and the result is a lot of diversification and fragmentation in the field.  

Mr Valiant Richey — OSCE Special Representative and Coordinator for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE):   10:10
To this end, let me allow me just a moment to highlight a joint publication that will soon be issued by my office and the Tech against Trafficking, who's represented here today by Hannah. This is gonna be entitled leveraging innovation to fight trafficking in human beings, a comprehensive analysis of technology tools. The publication seeks to empower anti-trafficking stakeholders with knowledge and information about various technology initiatives, which can be used in combating exploitation. It's the first publication Dar Knowledge, to conduct a global analysis of how different stakeholders, including law enforcement, civil society, businesses and academia, can take advantage of technology to advance the fight against trafficking. More specifically, a paper identifies and analyzes born in 300 technology initiatives that are specifically focused around trafficking while also addressing ethical considerations and data protection issues which are ever-present. As I'm sure this body knows, The paper also provides a set of general recommendations for all actors, including governments on specific set for governments on how to proceed here. Because I think this is an area where the tech the private sector has vastly outpaced the government's response is. And so what we've tried to do is give some guidance to governments and how they might react here. The wealth of information in this publication can allow stakeholders to learn more about existing approaches to combating trafficking. Bless you, Morgan Add. Determine which tech tools could be and should be accelerated for use on a broad scale. That's really I think one of the big questions here is there are hundreds of tools out there. Which ones do we look at or, ah, amplifying and tech against trafficking has spent a lot of time on this topic. And I think it would be really interesting to hear from him on that our future success in eradicating human trafficking will very much depend on how we're prepared for and equipped to harness technology to fight this crime. This is a major topic and per perhaps the preeminent topic of the anti-trafficking field. At this moment in time, a major contributing factor to the current challenge we're facing is the lack of sufficient legal frameworks at the national and international level to prevent the misuse of technology and also to effectively deploy it in a positive fashion. A lot of countries I visit as part of my work of special representative a lot of them actually, uh, don't even have laws that allow them to use electronic evidence. For example, this is hugely problematic. They don't have the framework set up. Uh, so I think what we need to do is really think about the way forward here. And as a quick example, I was on a panel yesterday and heard from Practitioner is Israel, who was talking about how they have taken initiative, close a bunch of websites, hundreds in fact, of websites with exploitative material on them. I think this kind of proactive measure is really important and something that we need Teoh consider in the future. In conclusion, I think when it comes to effectively deploying technology to combating trafficking, we've made significant progress in understanding how technology can turn the tide and me and making the anti-trafficking response up to the task. But now we actually need to take the next step and get these tools in the hands of practitioners and expand their reach within iChat. We're promoting these common messages and efforts on anti-trafficking responses and welcoming MAWR and more partners in this process. And we're really excited to be with WSIS today and interact with some new audiences on this topic. Achieving UN sustainable development goals, including eradicating exploitation of vulnerable persons, will undoubtedly intersect with the topic of technology. And discussions like this one today can help us move the conversation forward. Thank you very much for hosting this event and for having me today. Thank you.

Ms Morgane Nicot — Team Leader, Knowledge Development / Human Trafficking & Migrant Smuggling, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC):   13:59
Thank you very much, Valiant for these extremely important points. I think that you flagged both positive and negative and also for sharing with us this paper that was developed between OSCE and tech against trafficking that is actually already interested in having access to the paper. We will respond to you, to the participants were asked for the paper online. So globally the vast majority of detective victims of trafficking for sexual exploitation of females. Child trafficking remains also, he concern according to the latest to energy signable report on trafficking in persons, 30% off, all detective victims worldwide or Children with UNICEF, you undersea develop pilot training courses on the detection investigation, off trafficking persons for sexual exploitation and online abuse of Children, which is also one of the prominent problems we're seeing at the moment as a result of the pandemic. While digital solutions provide significant opportunities, these same tools may also increase Children's exposure to online risks. Just last month, one of ICAT members, UNICEF. In partnership with the number of partners including UNODC in ITU as you shoot a technical note on COVID-19 and its implications for protecting Children online. Joining us today is Rachel Harvey, who is original advisor at UNICEF for the East Asia Pacific Regional office and the child protection specialist. So, Rachel, I am turning to you on, I would ask you whether you could elaborate on child exploitation online. What you're observing since the Cove in 19 Outbreak and what type of analyses have you been undertaking so far? Thank you, Rachel

Ms Rachel Harvey — Regional Advisor for East Asia Pacific Regional Office, The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF):   15:42
Thanks very much, Morgan. And a very good evening to everyone from Bangkok I really want to thank (...) everyone joining today. And as mentioned in the introduction of the Republic's, it's specifically organized like accused of sexual exploitation and the implications of Covic, 19 for protecting George off those risks, especially given the links between tech sexual exploitation on traffic. We won't know that Internet penetrations, Val said, is growing rapidly. Getting online has become cheaper, it's become much more successful, and it's estimated that around about third of users are under 18 years on. While basic Internet connectivity certain remains attacks, which, where is coming on a rural air is a study that we the east age of your sexual media but deliberately looked at your adults use from disadvantaged groups such as refugees, Children will shelter children living and working on the streets also highlighted the Children from different backgrounds. Do you find a way online, however, while access to the Internet provides these really significant opportunities to learn to connect to play, it also comes with risks will amplify existing offline risks and creating new forms of risks and harms. In addition to violent and inappropriate content, risky behaviour and cyberbullying, Children are also at risk of sexual abuse and sexual exploitation. Online's that this an exploitation takes multiple forms. It can directly involve Children online or use images and videos of children who have been abused offline. Children are at risk of being groomed on life. Contact offences there also groomed or corps to share sexualized images of themselves so he could about batteries. That means I can continue to escalate exploitation and abuse and you to the fullest nature of crimes. In a sit in the comfort of a manipulate exploit vulnerable short left thousands of miles away, also sexually abused to lie spring demand with a finger. It's all such just existent families and communities. Parents, family members and neighbours may force and use Children to perform sexual acts with what arrangements making. I want to explain trafficking, defectives travelling that is right, like right now first picked up chanting destruction. I don't want to take all of his tricks on just thought where to take your just defenders. Access to unlimited storage space that's secure and accessible from anywhere from any online device makes a commission of online crimes easier for perpetrators. What you charge torrent expectations is that also, psychologists Johnson in contact with each other. But we want to see for chaplains actually encouraging Jonah thinking how to best go about using Children online. So the 2019 Global Threat Assessment highlighted that scale, severity and complexity of online child sexual abuse and exploitation is really growing an alarming rate and increasing at a faster pace that, aiming to tackle the activity, compulsively respond. We were throws from industry and law enforcement partners reaching record highs we've seen in Home, which has a global network of hotlines reporting an 80% increase in child sexual abuse material related reports. We've sent a 100% increase in the number of being reported by companies of Children, things actually abused. We see public access to social media and communication platforms, as well as online gaming platforms remaining the most common methods. Meeting online that 2019 reports had a shocking estimate. It was estimated that 750,000 individuals I'm looking to connect with Children across the globe for sexual purposes at any one time. There's also this little Christian use of Hitler services and got meant to Trey Johnson, for example, 2017 child thank you books. He had over one million user profiles, registered another hidden service that was found, had over 15,000 registered members and subscribe us to stay. Members had to every month upload either 20 images or a two-minute video of abuse of it. You're simple, so I think this bag wrapped up. But Kobe, 19 rapidly spread across the globe. On the Kurt occurred the spread of this virus. We saw containment measures being imposed, closing schools and keep your Children and young people with thoughts. Even more than ever, Children are spending. They lie, accessing education. Others thank Onda fell sick increases 2015 times. Wait, you know, with accents also have been sounding the alarm, but this is results could increase the fuel line, and it's highly probable that numbers of online child exploitation increasing. It's been a bit more time online, especially it is on supervised time online. Make it like you would that sure don't come into contact with online predators. Mental health impacts of Collins I team measures may high risks of rooming, including the deliberate targeting of Children, have expressed this vulnerability online. Besides, the more I don't that made me increase impulses perhaps additional opportunity for grooming and increased amounts of Charles set to refuse material at least more sexual exploitation. Circumstances of disruption. Social well, it goes with the trade acceptance for a friend of it, then from the victim's side, have financial purchase all famines. The also excessively the economic factors driving such low expectations of Children, including by streaming. It's really being exacerbated by the impact of containment we've seen in many countries the destruction of child protection services, both government and NGO. Then a reduced opportunity for Children to access help on the other side of open you size of exploitation of Children to be identified kind of systems on like you, Human well said that they have been disrupted with containment measures while the end of contained puts me enabled their full resumption of services, the ends of containment were absolutely no end risks. In fact, as the economic impact resulting from the time great hits vulnerable thousands of Children, we're gonna see the risk of sexual exploitation, including online information. However, no voice to chose online telling Hearts City was to mitigate roost. There's an urgent need to take that action. So we are partners, including your UNODC in ITU. You re system on the possible impact of covert 19 on child online protection and some of them this reduced psalms. Hugh recommendations were for parents and can you give us? And recommendations on tools were provided for parents and also for adolescents themselves to keep themselves safe online. There were also recommendations for scores because so much of the education is now delivered online of how to ensure those platforms and are safeguarding Children as much as possible on their technical note, Also focused on the role of Internet technology complements so they absolutely have a role in evening out inequality during the pandemics and technology companies have really indispensable role to work with governments to improve access to digital services. Internet connectivity for disadvantaged Children. This has been critical. The equally critical is insured. Never. Access remains safe when Children go online, so this includes a combination off. MM factors, including shark safety features, are incorporated into all devices, including those are being made at low or no cost. That these features an integrated into virtual cross rooms, education-specific platforms. Companies also have their role to play to promote awareness amongst Children and students among parents and teachers of really how to use these safety features. There's also a need to promote the child's safety, referral services and helplines hotlines, and they really also have a role because they're reaching so many Children, to amplify messages on risks, online safety and support Children to develop digital resilience. In other words, knowledge of how to navigate and how to respond to these risks. And a did I see, true to your tools remain indispensable. Combating exploitation of use online, identifying and taking down a few volunteers as quickly as possible, identifying big terms and identifying her poetry. Finally but critically during containment, governments need to ensure that child protection services think about lies and Kat lines as well as law enforcement services are considered essential, and they're supported to continue to operate safely so they can reach the most vulnerable children and protect exportation is going to be highlighted. The online sexual exploitation doesn't happen in isolation of offline risks and abuse. On the model national response, the better by week. Protect highlights the criticality of reducing offline vulnerabilities to sexual abuse and exploitation and ensure that you have effective child protection and justice response in place. We slowly eating a number of countries, transition now out of containment into the transition into recovery. And this is the point. We're ready Social Web friend social protection systems, including cash transfers. Vulnerable families will become even well critical. Osti at the heart of responses to get risk Mental health and psychosocial support services that help as well as to regain its online vulnerability to exploitation and trafficking are so critical we were starting to work together to address reposes that such deep-seated social roles are perpetuated sexual abuse, perpetuate the exploitation of Children offline and online. I'm just clearing, complete more than ever now, in the face of increasing risk for Children, we need this collaboration across sectors across borders and across government on between the government and private sector U. N. And non-government agencies. This is gonna be absolutely critical moving forward and were, you know, stuff. Look forward to working with all of you to ensure Children continue to enjoy three of the fantastic opportunities that digital technologies bring while also being the safe body from all online hearts. Thank

Ms Morgane Nicot — Team Leader, Knowledge Development / Human Trafficking & Migrant Smuggling, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC):   27:21
Thank you very much, Rachel, for these very important points especially geared towards exploitation of children and the recommendations that were formulated. I'm sure this is our very useful document for the audience to consult and thank you for presenting it today. As highlighted in our 2019 ICAT reform, take and trafficking off which you have the link that was provided in the chat earlier on and I've heard today partnerships including with the private sector, can help improve knowledge and support member states in addressing this topic. When it comes to technology, I think we cannot do without working together. Eso we have with us Hannah Darnton, Associate Director at Business for Social Responsibility, BSR. She works with multinational companies to align businesses and human rights strategies. And she leads tech against trafficking We collaborative initiative to help tackle human trafficking using technology. We heard the document that Val presented was also developed with Think against Trafficking. I know. How do you see current and future strategic approaches to technology and human trafficking or suing night in the light of COVID-19? And what would you suggest as a way to strengthen collaboration between civil society and businesses? You have the floor  

Ms Hannah Darnton — Associate Director, Business for Social Responsibility (BSR):   28:46
Great! Thank you so much Morgane and the whole team hosting the session today. So tech Against Trafficking as Morgan Region is a coalition of technology companies collaborating with global experts to help eradicate human trafficking using technology. And we really do that through a couple of different ways are members include AT&T, Amazon, BT, Microsoft and And we work with civil society, law enforcement, Academia technologist survivors to really help advance and scale the use of technology to prevent, disrupt and reducing the trafficking and to increase and expand survivors access to resources. So before actually diving into how technology could help combat human trafficking, are first up was actually to review and map. The landscape of technology is being used to combat human trafficking, modern slavery in a different geography, ease languages and with very target populations. And what we wanted to do with making sure that we weren't adding to the duplication a replication of these technological resources. And so we identified about 310 different technology used across the sector to fight human trafficking. And that's one of the things that is really reflected in the report that will soon be coming out with the O. S. E. I think what we've been focused in on was helping support these tech tools and the organization's deploying these technology tools through our accelerator program. And the accelerator is really the flagship program of tech against trafficking, which helps advance and steals the work of technology tools being used to combat trafficking. We identify technology tools with the potential for scale or interest in exploring new and innovative partnerships and help provide them with the expertise or tech support that they need to overcome challenges and really move up there and increase the scale of their efforts and work. What I think ofter answer. to Morgane's question is one of the things that we've noticed is that beyond individual organisations, technology put a massive opportunity for the broader anti-trafficking field. They can help connect this for actors across geography is your data to facilitate the identification of victims of traffickers, improved case management, the list goes on and on. However, the ecosystem is largely siloed and collaborative engagement between organizations deploying these technologies can be lacking. There's also a huge duplication of efforts and opportunities for new solutions are sometimes myths due to incomplete information about similar initiatives, lack of shared or competed, compatible data and nominal technological infrastructure and expertise, then I really think that that's where the private sector can start to come in. We can help bring expertise from these tech companies to civil society and help address challenges and barriers. But I think it's definitely a two-way street. We can't create tech solutions and isolation as technology companies if they work really closely with the groups on the ground to best understand the issues that they're seeing in the challenges facing the anti-trafficking community. Additionally, tech tools aren't a silver bullet to human trafficking and we want to be very aware of that. Creating these technology tools helps eradicate human trafficking. But the really hard part is creating and maintaining the right conditions for organizations to successfully docked these tech solutions so they could be truly affected. There's a huge missed opportunity if we don't align how anti-slavery efforts collaborating partner with each other on the use of these technologies and making sure that civil society is developing and deploying these tools have the capacity of resource is personnel to really ensure that they work effectively? The maintenance of such tools can also be really important. Organizations often received funding to develop the technology. However, they don't have the ongoing resource is and support to make sure that they could be maintained and continue to operate effectively inefficient. And so I think it's part of the tech sector role to ensure that not only are the tech tools available on operational, but the infrastructure in the environment in which they are deployed is set up so they can truly be successful, and that's a huge part of the partnership there. One of the things that we've done is actually try to create a tool or rather a platform that can help connect these disparate technologies and you'll see, here, we put our 310 technology tools that we've identified into an interactive map on the tech against trafficking website that can help users go online and see what tools are already out there. What's operating in victim identification or trafficker identification? For example, what geography is the operating in and what users are they really targeting? And so, using this interactive map that was designed by our team detectives trafficking, you can dive into the details and even search by keywords around the category of tools. The target sector, the technology type that's being used, or even the trafficking tight that's being addressed as you'll see here on the screen. If you type in and identify on the screen, you can actually look at a number of different tools in your bottom right-hand corner here that are attracting are that are operating around identity and helping victim identification occur, but are also have helping to work with individuals trying to maintain their identity and documentation around their identity as they move from one location to the other, preserving privacy and making sure that their information is secure. So I encourage everyone looking at really understanding how technology tools are operating around the globe. Seeing what's out there to visit that this is a shameless plug. I apologize, but visits aren't of an interactive map and tested out. Provide feedback, add tools and let us know what's working and what's not because we really want to make sure that this is a tool that could be used by civil society in business. This helps correct to help create a platform that can both serve as a resource but that can also begin to connect those different dots across the field that allow organizations to work more closely together to use technology building off with Some of the other Panelists were saying. It also seems that technology is being used at new levels during this unprecedented time of Kobe 19. And we've been actually serving the field of our tech partners and our civil society partners, using technology to think through the new implications of how these technologies are being used. And I think Rachel touched on. A lot of the key implications are for human trafficking around Copa 19 so I won't go into too much depth here. But we did want to share that. We've been able to survey the field to some extent of private sector multilateral institutions, law enforcement and civil society to see how technology is really being used in this time of what support is needed as we move into this unprecedented period. And so I'm happy to share these out afterwards. But we have seen that many organizations have had to postpone or cancel their fieldwork, their rescue missions etcetera within the anti-trafficking field, their work priorities, air shifting, the receiving less funding, which I think is an obvious one too many of you on this call and that they're really happy to increase the support services in new and creative ways to their human trafficking survivors for the victims that they previously been engaging with. We saw a couple of B anecdotes displayed in the survey on the right-hand side around moving to online track our online training and support, but also hoping to come back to standard processes after the crisis. And I think that one of the things that we can do is a private sector. Partnering with civil society is to make sure that these tools are provided in the organizations that need the most right now. How could make sure that they have the appropriate tools and resource is but also the support systems that they need to deploy those in the best way possible that protect the privacy and security of the individuals that there were? We really wanted to conduct this survey not only to better understand the problem but also to make sure that we were thinking through how we can provide support during these changing times. And that was one of the key questions that really came out of. The survey was looking through the results and the feedback. We, of course, saw financial support as a major area where or individual organizations were calling for further support and engagement. But also, technological support was the next highest bracket here of where individual organizations were really seeing how partners could come in and provide additional tools and expertise, networking and collaboration and visibility support with the next step. So I think during these times to build off of what Rachel was saying, we need to make sure that we are providing the right tools, the right time to appropriately address the issue and a quick organization that there operating across the field with being right tools to be able to tackle the problem. And so with that, I know that we're short on time, so I'll leave it there. But happy to go into more depth on our survey and results as we get into Vicky.

Ms Morgane Nicot — Team Leader, Knowledge Development / Human Trafficking & Migrant Smuggling, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC):   37:59
Thank you so much, Hannah. That was extremely instructive. and I'm sure that this document will also be of interests to our allegiance. We have actually an additional intervention. By, Mr Fania Rotino from ITU. Can you take the floor? Fanny.  

Ms Fanny Rotino — Child Protection Project Coordinator, International Telecommunication Union (ITU):   38:19
Thank you very much. And I really have just, you know, a short intervention to emphasize and thanks what has already been said. Thank you so much to the bed Panelists. And I would like to especially join my colleague Rachel from UNICEF in her explanations about child online protection related to the trafficking of human beings and Children particularly. So thank you particularly fou for mentioning the technical note that you know I you together with UNICEF and another partner have released on the impact of off COVID-19 for Children. We had I to you at the Child Online Protection Initiative and have collaborated with colleagues. Not only know this piece of work, which I believe is very important but also on an agenda for action. Together with done with the Interagency Working Group on Violence Against Children, where we have tried with two, you will go with the child rights approach, providing the child brides and Malta sexual framework for action during and also after cool with 19 to act against violence against Children, of which trafficking is a key part. So but I had to you and the Child Online Protection Initiative work already since 2000 and eight, actively on Child on our protection, which we understand is very in a very realistic way, not only regarding the risks and harms the Children can face online, but also the harms. The Children then face offline but that is facilitated through a technical and on and online channels. So the China Prediction Initiative races awareness on child protection issues strengthens the partnership in here as well. I would like to thank you, Rachel and previous a penitence on highlighting Theo importance of cooperation on the protection of Children on an offline again, and we aim to develop practical tools to support the protection of Children. Within this context, we have. It was recently were recently in the process of review and guidelines that provide very concrete recommendations that are equally available for governments in Nuestra stakeholders and families, including children around the globe and in the true spirit of the Carp initiative This has been a multi-stakeholder effort. Onda. We have focused on new technological developments such as artificial intelligence and virtual reality, and their impact on Children's on mine safety. Again, it has already been highlighted that we know that emerging technologies can do both exposed Children even more tourists online as well as to pack protect them from those dangers, especially during the current times. We have seen that perpetrators of child sexual abuse material profit from technological advances such as easy file sharing, rice, dreaming of videos and strong and encryption software. Technologies may make it possible for Kobe traders to locate Children or to engage them in sextortion, On the other hand, out of fishermen intelligence, for instance, can be responsible to I can be a response to child online and offline risks. For example, with the child on Sexual Exploitation Image database managed by Interpol um, child sexual exploitation and is 1 may risk but that can start online and become an offline threat, resulting in physical abuse and exploitation and child trafficking. Concern six or expectation. Its comprehensive set of recommendations. The guidelines are very inclusive and refer to existing material and initiatives on child online risks and homes. Such s the already mentioned model National response and the Global Threat Assessment by the We Protect Global Alliance that prevents and combats child sexual abuse and exploitation by engaging all Stakeholders Inc the's guidance that will be released in June this year is a practical tool and therefore not only supporting policymakers, international travel and protection strategies, and strengthen international money to stay for the Corporation on the protection of Children online and offline. But they can also contribute. We believe different levels to multiplayer their efforts on child protection online and off that thank you very much.

Ms Morgane Nicot — Team Leader, Knowledge Development / Human Trafficking & Migrant Smuggling, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC):   43:01
Thank you very much. Fanny, I would like to warmly thank all the panellists Rachel, Hannah as well as Valiant of course. I'm also warmly thanking the organizer and all of you in attendance for this live session. And I will pass on the floor to my colleague, from ITU, who has been opening decision as well. So, please, I'm getting back to you. Gitanjali?  

Ms Gitanjali Sah — Strategy and Policy Coordinator, ITU:   43:29
Yes. Thank you, Morgan. Thank you for this excellent discussion which was really timely and very interesting. Thank you to valiant, Rachel, Hannah and also funny for interventions. So we would now like to inform all the participants that are ninth WSIS TalkX will take place on Thursday. So please join us. It is about tips and tools for securing a remote workforce, and it will focus on small and medium-sized businesses on how to secure remote workforces during the pandemic and beyond. Thank you very much. And wish you a good day and a good evening. Bye-bye!